Publication Ethics

PUBLICATION ETHICS: BILANCIA (Journal of Sharia and Law Studies) (ISSN: 1978-5747 and e-ISSN: 2579-9762) is a reviewed journal published twice a year by the Sharia Faculty, Palu State Islamic Institute (IAIN), it is published in print and online. This statement explains the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the process of publishing an article in this journal, including the writer, chief editor, editorial board, reviewers and publishers.

ETHICAL GUIDELINES FOR JOURNAL PUBLICATION : Articles published in the journal BILANCIA contribute basic knowledge, advanced and research results that contribute to the development of Sharia and law studies. Articles that have been reviewed through a standardized test of the scientific method used in the standards of scientific work are complied by the editorial team of the BILANCIA Journal. Therefore, it is important to set ethical standards that must be understood and implemented for all parties involved in the act of publishing, ranging from writers, journal editors, reviewers, publishers and the public. The Sharia Faculty, as the publisher, guarantees all the implementation of ethical guidelines in each of the steps taken in the publication of the journal BILANCIA, and also guarantees that it will not influence any decisions related to articles set by the editorial board.

PUBLICATION DECISION: The BILANCIA Editor is the part who responsible for deciding which submitted articles should be published. The validation of the work and its importance for researchers and readers must always drive the decision. The editors can be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and are limited by applicable legal provisions, such as defamation, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editors can negotiate with other editors or bestari partners in making this decision.


Articles sent by writers should be free of plagiarism and other academic errors. The editor will take steps to check the authenticity of the writing before passing the article material to the reviewer, and publish it in the journal.

Justice aspect

Every time the editor evaluates the author's text regardless of race, sex, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnicity, citizenship, or political views of the authors.


The editor and editorial board may not disclose any information related to the manuscript to any party, other than to the authors, the reviewer team, prospective reviewers, and publishers.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Editors may not use unpublished portions of the manuscript for the personal academic interests, others, and certain research groups without the consent of the author



Contributions to Editorial Decisions: Reviewers accompany editors in deciding on editorial matters and can help improving the quality of the writer's manuscripts that have been sent through the editor.

Speed: If the reviewer who has been determined does not meet the requirements / interest to study the manuscript or does not have the opportunity to study the manuscript, he must immediately submit to the editor and resign from the manuscript review process.

Confidentiality: Every text that has been received for the review process is a confidential document. Manuscripts may not be distributed or discussed with other parties, except with permission from the editor. Objectivity Standards: The review process is carried out objectively. Reviewers may not criticize the author personally. Reviewers must state each of their views clearly with appropriate arguments for the reviewed text.

Acknowledgment Source: Reviewers must identify published and relevant scientific works, but the authors have not quoted the work. Statements about observations, derivations, or arguments that have been reported previously must be accompanied by relevant citations. The reviewer must also submit to the editor if there is substantial similarity or overlap between the text under consideration and any other articles that have been previously published.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: Information or ideas obtained in the review process must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers must reject manuscripts that would create a conflict of interest due to competition, collaboration, or other relationships and connections with one of the authors, companies, or institutions related to the manuscript.



Reporting Standards: The author of the original research report must present an accurate report of the work carried out as well as an objective discussion of the significance of the research. The underlying data must be included accurately in the manuscript. The manuscript must be detailed and use sufficient references so that other parties can later continue the research. Fraud in deliberate reporting or inaccurate information is unethical and unacceptable behavior.

Data Access and Retention: The author must provide raw data related to the manuscript for editorial purposes, and must be prepared to provide public access to the data, if possible, and must save the data after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism: The manuscript writer must ensure the authenticity of the scientific work he has written, and if the author has used the work and / or words sourced from others, then the author has listed it according to the citation standards used.

Multiple, Redundant and Simultaneous Publications: Authors must not publish manuscripts that describe the essence of the same research in more than one journal or major publication. Sending the same text to more than one journal at the same time is unethical and unacceptable behavior.

Recognition of Resources: Recognition of the work of others must always be given. Authors must cite publications that have been influential in the field of articles they have made.

List of Script Authors: Authors must be limited to those who have made significant contributions to the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of the research contained in the manuscript. All people who have made significant contributions must be registered as co-authors. People or other parties who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they must be recognized or registered as contributors. The author of the correspondence must ensure that all appropriate authors are listed in the manuscript and there are no inappropriate authors, and that all authors have seen and agreed to the final version of the manuscript and have agreed to submit for publication.

The use of dangerous subjects: The use of unusual dangerous subjects in the process of making manuscripts of scientific work must be written and identified by the author in the manuscript.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: Authors must disclose in their text any conflict of interest whether substantive or financial that might be interpreted to affect the results or interpretation of the author's work. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works: If the author discovers negligence or fatal error in the published works, then the author is required to immediately submit to the editorial board of the journal BILANCIA or publisher of the Sharia Faculty of IAIN Palu and work with the editor to retract or correct the manuscript.